This information being taken from a book written by Arahwana Hendren Ridens named the Dyer County and Newbern Tennessee, A history of the 39 earliest families in Dyer County. Part of this information was extracted from thi s p ublication, along with other documents and related stories and oral family histories. We continue with the entries of the McCorkle Diaries and wh at was entered about the from his perspective as a Newbern business owner.

This month we start with a whole new century in Newbern. Keeping in mind that about 1850 the first settlers arrived here and starting what would become the City of Newbern Tennessee. However, these BACKWOOD FOLK saw a lot of changes and innovations during the first 50 years. Before we continue on with the history of Newbern in the 21st Century... here are some of the new inventions they witnessed...

  • 1851 - Isaac Singer invents a sewing machine
  • 1852 - Jean Bernard Léon Foucault invents a gyroscope. Henri Giffard builds an airship powered by the first aircraft engine - unsuccessful design
  • 1853 - George Cayley invents a manned glider
  • 1854 - John Tyndall demonstrates the principles of fiber optics
  • 1855 - Isaac Singer patents the sewing machine motor. Georges Audemars invents rayon.
  • 1856 - Louis Pasteur invents pasteurization
  • 1857 - George Pullman invents the Pullman Sleeping Car for train travel
  • 1858 - Hamilton Smith patents the rotary washing machine. Jean Lenoir invents an internal combustion engine
  • 1860 - Light Bulb, Sir Joseph Swan. Linoleum, Fredrick Walton. Repeating rifle, Oliver F. Winchester, Christopher Spencer. Self-propelled torpedo, Giovanni Luppis
  • 1861 - Ironclad (Battleship) USS Monitor, John Ericsson Siemens. Regenerative furnace, Carl Wilhelm Siemens
  • 1862 - Revolving machine gun: Richard J. Gatling Mechanical submarine: Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol Pasteurization: Louis Pasteur, Claude Bernard 1863 : Player piano: Henri Fourneaux
  • 1865 - Roller Coaster: LaMarcus Adna Thompson Barbed wire: Louis Jannin
  • 1866 - Dynamite: Alfred Nobel
  • 1868 - Practical typewriter, Christopher Sholes, Carlos Glidden and Samuel W. Soule, with assistance from James Densmore. Air brake (rail), George Westinghouse. Oleomargarine, Mege Mouries
  • 1869 - Vacuum cleaner, I.W. McGaffers
  • 1870 - Chewing gum, Thomas Adams. Magic Lantern projector, Henry R. Heyl. Stock ticker, Thomas Alva Edison
  • 1871 - Cable car (railway): Andrew S. Hallidie Jeans: Levi Strauss
  • 1873 - Railway knuckle coupler: Eli H. Janney Modern direct current electric motor: Zénobe Gramme
  • 1874 - Barbed wire: Joseph Glidden Electric street car: Stephen Dudle Field DDT: Othmar Zeidler
  • 1875 - Dynamo: William A. Anthony Magazine (firearm): Benjamin B. Hotchkiss
  • 1876 - Carpet sweeper: Melville Bissell Gasoline carburettor: Daimler Loudspeaker: Alexander Graham Bell 1877 : Stapler: Henry R. Heyl Induction motor: Nikola Tesla Phonograph: Thomas Alva Edison Microphone: Emile Berliner
  • 1878 - Cathode ray tube: William Crookes Rebreather: Henry Fleuss
  • 1879 - Pelton turbine: Lester Pelton Cash register: James Ritty
  • 1880 - Photophone: Alexander Graham Bell Roll film: George Eastman Safety razor: Kampfe Brothers Seismograph: John Milne
  • 1881 - Metal detector: Alexander Graham Bell
  • 1882 - Electric fan: Schuyler Skaats Wheeler Blowtorch: Carl Rickard Nyberg
  • 1883 - two - phase (alternating current) induction motor: Nikola Tesla
  • 1884 - Linotype machine: Ottmar Mergenthaler Punched card accounting: Herman Hollerith Trolley car, (electric): Frank Sprague, Charles Van Depoele
  • 1885 - Automobile patent granted (internal combustion engine powered), Karl Benz - First automobile put into production. Maxim gun, Hiram Stevens. Maxim Motorcycle, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach. Alternating current transformer, William Stanley. Safety bicycle, John Kemp Starley
  • 1886 - Dishwasher, Josephine Cochrane. Gasoline engine, Gottlieb Daimler. Improved phonograph cylinder, Tainter & Bell
  • 1887 - Monotype machine, Tolbert Lanston. Contact lens, Adolf E. Fick, Eugène Kalt and August Muller. Gramophone record, Emile Berliner. Ceiling fan, Philip Diehl
  • 1888 - Polyphase AC Electric power system, Nikola Tesla (30 related patents.) Kodak hand camera, George Eastman. Ballpoint pen, John Loud. Harvester-thresher, Matteson. Kinematograph, Augustin Le Prince
  • 1889 - Automatic Bobbin Changing, Henry Northrop
  • 1891 - Escalator, Jesse W. Reno. Thermal cracking process, Vladimir Shukhov. Improved Zipper, Whitcomb L. Judson. Carborundum, Edward G. Acheson. Modern adjustable spanner, Johan Petter Johansson
  • 1892 - Color photography: Frederic E. Ives. Automatic telephone exchange, Almon Strowger - First in commercial service
  • 1893 - Carburetor: Donát Bánki and János Csonka. Tuned Wireless communication, Nikola Tesla. (The True Wireless) Radio, Nikola Tesla
  • 1894 - Radio transmission, Jagdish Chandra Bose in Bengal. Milking machine, Gustaf de Laval
  • 1895 - Diesel engine, Rudolf Diesel. Radiotelegraph, Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1896 - Vitascope, Thomas Armat
  • 1897 - Modern escalator, Jesse W. Reno
  • 1898 - Tapered roller bearing, Henry Timken. Remote control, Nikola Tesla
  • 1899 - Iron-mercury coherer with telephone detector, Jagdish Chandra Bose in Bengal.  Automobile self starter, Clyde J. Coleman. Magnetic tape recorder, Valdemar Poulsen. Gas turbine, Charles Curtis